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Encounter of Two Worlds

The conquest of the island by Spain began in 1510 with a prolonged operation of recognition and conquest, plagued by bloody incidents by Diego Velázquez. With the foundation of Our Lady of the Assumption of Baracoa, in 1512, the founding of six other founding Villas happened to him.

Mining and gold mining with indigenous labor through the so-called system of “parcels”, they will be replaced later by slave trade and slave labor as part of the plantation system.