Geography of Artemisa
It borders on the West with Pinar del Río province, on the North with the Florida Strait and the Gulf of Mexico, on the South with the Gulf of Batabanó and on the East share borders with Havana and Mayabeque provinces.
The territory characterizes mainly by flat areas that belong to the Southern karsic plain. The province is crossed by Sierra del Rosario from west to east, the most important mountain range in the country’s Western region with the major peak “Pan de Guajaibón” (699 m.) in the province’s westernmost.
The province possesses three excellent bays on the northern coast (Bahía Honda, Cabañas and Mariel) all of them suitable for port activities. The northern see line is mainly rocky whilst the southern is low with large stretches of mangrove and marshy areas.
Its hydrography distinguishes by short rivers and low waterflow, outstanding Los Colorados and San Juan rivers.
La Sierra de Rosario
The major part of this mountain range locates in the center-westernmost of the province. It is undoubtedly the most important tourist destination in Artemisa per excellence. Although there are historic and cultural assets of great interest; mainly in coffee plantation ruins that date back from the 18th and 19th centuries.
It has an extension of 250.71 Km2, mountainous terrain and exuberant nature. It was the first Biosphere Reserve in Cuba declared by the UNESCO in 1985. La Sierra del Rosario stretches over the eastern half of Guianiguanico mountain range where are placed the main terrain elevations in all the western region (the highest point reaches 692 m above sea level). This mountain range also has beautiful valleys and crystalline rivers that encourage you to take a dip. Furthermore, in this natural ecosystem inhabits a rare species in Cuba “the water lizard”. Its charming landscapes are the scenarios of two important national tourist destination: Soroa and Las Terrazas, separated by 20 Km and linked by a paved road.
In this place the natural and cultural attractions combine harmoniously, being Las Terrazas town the site where best you can see a sustainable interaction between man and nature in Cuba.
Pinar del Río es la provincia más occidental de Cuba; las aguas del Golfo de México la bañan por el norte, se encuentra al sur del cálido Mar Caribe, el Estrecho de Yucatán la separa del continente, mientras que por el este, limita con la provincia de Artemisa.