Geography of Matanzas, Cuba
Matanzas, city of rivers and bridges is located geographically in the western region, between 24°01', 23°15' north latitude and 80 ° 31 ', 82 ° 09' west longitude. It limits in the north with the Florida Strait; in the South with the Caribbean Sea, in the East with the Villa Clara and Cienfuegos Provinces and in the West with the Mayabeque Province and Ensenada de la Broa.
Matanzas occupies the second place in extension among all the provinces, with 11, 802, 72 square kilometers, representing the 10.7% of the total surface of the country.
The main water reserves are found in the water table. The most important river flows are the river Hanabana, Yumurí, San Juan and Canímar, which flow into the Bay of Matanzas, as well as important bays.
Its ground is fertile and productive, destined to the agricultural activity, standing out the red ferralitics with small areas of calcimorphic and hydromorphic swamps.
It presents a fairly rugged relief with hills that range from a medium height to near 100 meters above sea level, except in the south of the bay and near the rivers. The plains predominate, as they occupy 80% of the total area. The heights appear towards the northwest and center-west in the heights of Havana-Matanzas, with Pan of Matanzas as the greatest elevation, with 381 meters of height.
Matanzas has the internationally known resort of Varadero, one of the main tourist destinations of Cuba, located in the Peninsula of Hicacos, on the north coast of the Matanzas Province (14.4 square kilometers, 140 km east of the capital, and 30 km from the Athens of Cuba). It also has the Ciénaga de Zapata, a territory located in the south of the province, 157 km from Havana.