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Society in Matanzas, Cuba


Matanzas has the eleventh place among the capitals of the country because of its population: around 700 thousand inhabitants. Divided into 13 municipalities (Matanzas, Cárdenas, Martí, Colón, Perico, Jovellanos, Pedro Betancourt, Limonar, Unión de Reyes, Ciénaga de Zapata, Jagüey Grande, Calimete, Los Arabos), is one of the most industrial regions of the Cuban territory, with emphasis on the sugar, citrus, oil and tourism sectors. Within its grounds is the most traditional resort destination in Cuba: Varadero, with its warm and transparent waters and very fine sand.

Matanzas is the first modern city of Cuba by the urbanist criteria. Among the events that distinguish the territory are Afro-Cuban traditions, community work in its most remote places and the creation of danzon, considered the national Cuban dance.

The national flag was raised for the first time in Cuba in the Palace of Government on May 20, 1902. The poet Jose Jacinto Milanés made the first verse that enshrines Cubanity in general and Matanceridad in particular. Culture, history and politics go hand in hand from the roots of the Matancero citizen.

At the beginning of the 20th century, in the monument to the unknown soldier, the slogan "Patria o Muerte" (Country or Death) is pronounced and inscribed in bronze for the first time.

Health: The Santa Isabel Hospital, built in 1838, is the oldest active hospital institution in Cuba.

"When one is born and lives in a city like Matanzas, blue, green and luminous, conjuration of water and men of yesterday and today, one is absolutely aware of what it means to run in an environment ruled by the “Real Maravilloso” (real-wonderful). Somehow the local comes to the world with watermarks. "(Ercilio Vento Canosa).