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History of Matanzas

Divided by the mouth of the San Juan and Yumurí rivers into three sections commonly called Matanzas, Pueblo Nuevo and Versalles, the Overseas City, founded on October 12, 1693 under the name San Carlos and San Severino de Matanzas, is recognized under several nicknames: "The Sleeping Beauty", by the nearness of the Bread of Matanzas, elevation that resembles a woman asleep; "The Cuban Venice" for its numerous bridges; or "the Athens of Cuba", for its cultural and economic splendor since the late eighteenth century, in particular the profusion of poets and artists.