Traditions and Customs in Granma
The province of Granma is known as the cradle
of Cuban nationality. It preserves a rich historical and cultural heritage,
evident in traditions such as; carriages thrown by horses in Bayamo, the
provincial capital, or the famous oriental organ in Manzanillo and Niquiro. The
celebration of San Juan Bautista every June 24, mainly in the mountainous
municipalities of Guisa and Buey Arriba and in the city of Bayamo. In the
latter, people go in procession to the river, there, collective pots are
organized where an ajiaco is prepared, as well as, fried fish with sweet
The habit of giving coffee to the visitors is
very much alive, as well as, the preparation of the aliñao when the woman gets
pregnant to entertain the friends who are going to meet the newborn child.
One of the most picturesque traditions is the
ride on carriages thrown by horses of the fifteen-year-old girls through the
city. She dressed in a queen costume, but dancing a shrill and contagious
conga, which is performed from a nearby carriage that makes up the procession.
Among the most deeply rooted traditions is the
commemoration of the historic burning of Bayamo, every January 12. As well as
the celebration of The National Culture Day, on October 20, in remembrance of
the day it was sung for the first time in Bayamo, what became the national
anthem of Cuba.