The first founded settlements were Alquizar and Guanajay. The villages San Cristobal, Bauta, Mariel, San Antonio de los Baños, Güira de Melena and Bahía Honda were founded in the 18th century. Artemisa, Candelaria and Caimito were founded in the 19th century.

The current capital of the province emerged because of the moving of some people from Havana affected by a fire. The village grew fast, first supported on the coffee crop economy, then on the cane of sugar. The ruins of Angerona Coffee Plantation, nowadays National Monument, give testimony of the golden age of coffee crop that granted the region the nickname of “Jardín de Cuba” (Garden of Cuba). Read More...